Author Archives: Qamar

How To Support An Addict In Recovery

New Jersey, 10/18/2017 /SubmitPressRelease123/

Throughout my experience as a professional counselor, whether it be in a treatment facility or a private practice setting, I’ve always found that when working with addiction, it’s best to have the family involved. As much family as possible. When it comes down to it, the support that a family provides to a patient recovering from addiction is essential to that patient’s success.

It’s unfortunate, however, that family members may be reluctant to be involved in the recovery process. They’re the one with the problem! Why do I have to go? Parents, spouses, and even children have usually been through the ringer a time or two before the identified patient agrees that treatment is needed. Families can be emotionally exhausted and resentful toward their loved one, or possibly just preferring to not have to deal with the aftermath because of all of the pain that had been caused in the past. No matter the journey that led the family to this point, it’s important for the successful recovery of the addict or alcoholic that the family stay involved.


In an article on Psych Central, Steven Gifford, a long time addictions counselor and literary contributor offers, “It is important to understand that the family dynamic in drug and alcohol addiction is incredibly powerful… This type of positive family involvement can also help lead the rest of your family toward a journey of recovery and self-discovery.”

As the recovery process is clearly beneficial to the family as a whole, it’s worth investing some efforts to making it work. Although there are many suggestions for families of addicts, let’s just consider a few to begin with, shall we?

Don’t Drink or Use With a Person with Addiction

This tip may have you scratching your head. Doesn’t this go without saying? Well, no. You may be surprised (on the other hand, maybe not) how often this comes up during the initial phase of recovery.  

Abstaining from substance use requires some tough decisions usually including some significant lifestyle changes of the person with the addiction. But the buck doesn’t stop here. Family members may find themselves needing to consider changes as well. Think of some common life situations that may need to be re-thought.

Family Bonding Time

Football season is upon us. What a better way to get back to normal than to crack open a cold one with your family and watch the game? This is a great big NOOO! The folks over at NIDA (National Institute of Drug Abuse) can tell you, with loads of research to back them up, that if a person has an addiction to drugs or alcohol any use of substances can create significant barriers to the recovery process. It’s going to be beneficial to think of how socializing and family bonding may need to change to support the recovery process.


Sober Holidays & Getaways

Many families have traditions surrounding the holidays and vacations and in our current culture, most of them involve or revolve around alcohol use. This can pose problems for a person in early recovery (even if they say it’s fine). It’s best practice to have discussions as together on how you’re going to navigate these family gatherings. Coping with the holidays in recovery can be a daunting task, however with careful planning and support from families can lead to successes and strengthening relationships. Have alcohol free meals, plan for more time for sober supports such as self-help meetings (you’ll want to research some local to where you’re traveling ahead of time), agree on an escape route as a Plan B if it’s needed.


The main goal here is to create a safe environment for your loved one to be able to rest and be relieved of any triggers he or she may experience. Clear alcohol or any substances from the home. All family members should agree that the home needs to be a sober environment and by no means should it be acceptable to drink or use in front of the person in recovery. It’s a small sacrifice for the greater good of your family.


Go To Family Support Meetings

If you’re already taking part of your loved one’s treatment, you have likely already received this suggestion. Support groups are an excellent addition to a family’s recovery. They deliver a practical opportunity to learn from other families of addicts how to deal and what to expect with the changes during early recovery.


Benefits of Attending Support Groups for Families of Drug Addicts

Educate yourself on addiction and relapse prevention

Support yourself and your loved one through the recovery process

Practice self-care by addressing your needs

Learn how to set healthy boundaries with your family

Recognize negative behavior patterns that may contribute to the problem

Gain fellowship from others who understand what you are going through

There are many options for Addiction Family Support Meetings. In a Project Know article, Dr. Leigh Walker spells out the different types of addiction family support meetings including support groups for spouses, siblings, parents, and children. Some of these meetings have a national presence and some are more regional in nature, but always know, support is available, is usually free, and is highly recommended.

Summit Behavioral Health offers its own addiction family support groups. You can learn more about them here.


Open Up Communication Lines

Family communication in early recovery can be complicated at best. As previously mentioned, there can be much anger, resentment, or fear as a result of the active addiction. Personal issues aside, many simply don’t know how to bring the topic to the table for discussion.


Gifford’s insight would suggest that family members struggle to bring up grievances or concerns and end up distancing themselves out of fear of confrontation or triggering the person with the addiction. Truth be told, the more nothing changes, the more nothing changes. If you’re going to have your needs and your family’s needs met, you need to talk about them.


Make time for weekly check-ins. No matter how hurt you may feel, focus the communication on being positive and constructive. Remember, you are supporting your loved one’s recovery and you are supporting yourself by allowing yourself to say what you feel. It may be helpful for you to remember the adage: Say what you mean and mean what you say, just don’t say it mean.


If you’ve already given this a few tries and find that the conversation falls off the rails, you may want to consider working with a professional. Couples counseling or family therapy can be a significant aid in learning how to communicate with a recovering addict in a way that is healthy for the couple or family as a whole.


Eric Patterson, addictions counseling professional, shares thoughts with about when it might be time for family therapy:

If your family member struggles with relapse

If your mental and physical health has been impacted by the family member’s addiction

If you want to learn methods to improve your ability to communicate appropriately

If your family member has not found success from other treatment approaches

If you’ve experienced family issues that you believe are contributed to the addiction

There’s no shame in asking for help. In fact, continuing to ask for help is strongly advised for anyone in recovery and families seeking to do whatever they can to help their loved one with addiction. You’ve gotten this far along the journey toward health and wellness. Keep motivated and keep up the good work.

I share these suggestions with every family that I work with and am amazed that some hesitate to consider the family role in supporting recovery. You are important, not just to your loved ones, but as a person. If you’ve been affected by someone’s addiction, allow the space for your own healing. Supporting a person in recovery requires you to also heal for yourself.

About the Author: Paul Lavella Jr. MA, LPC, LCADC, ACS

“Wellness Based Counseling is a concept very dear to my heart. At the root of it, the counseling relationship is not solely focused on “the problem,” rather how you go about life’s journey in a way that leads you toward feeling and being well. Counseling is not about pathologizing; it’s about learning what’s not working and figuring out what will.

I am dually Licensed in the State of New Jersey as a Professional Counselor and a Clinical Alcohol & Drug Counselor with thirteen years of professional experience working with adolescents, adults and families. As an Approved Clinical Supervisor, I also provide supervision for those seeking licensure for counseling or addiction counseling.”

Embarking on a journey towards wellness and recovery is perhaps the bravest and most inspiring thing a person can do. At Summit Behavioral Health we are here for you every step of the way.




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Marijuana And Addiction

New Jersey, 10/17/2017 /SubmitPressRelease123/

In recent years, marijuana has made headlines as state after state has passed laws either legalizing it completely or allowing its legal use in specific situations. Currently, 26 states and the District of Columbia have laws that permit marijuana use in some form, and three additional states have passed legalization laws but have yet to make them effective. With half of the country legalizing marijuana at various levels, it’s important to be aware of the potential dangers associated with the drug.

Proponents of the legalization of marijuana point to its alleged health benefits. However, some research shows that marijuana can be habit-forming.

What Studies Say about Marijuana Addiction

According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), 30 percent of people who use marijuana have some degree of “marijuana use disorder.” This disorder is associated with a dependence on marijuana, which means users experience withdrawal when they stop consuming it. Symptoms of marijuana withdrawal can include irritability, insomnia, decreased appetite, restlessness, cravings, and physical discomfort. In some people, withdrawal can persist for up to two weeks.

The reason marijuana use disorder develops is that the chemicals in marijuana cause the brain to adapt to the drug, dulling the brain’s endocannabinoid neurotransmitters. Although estimates vary, researchers believe that about 9 percent of people who consume marijuana will develop dependency at some point. Among those who start using it in their teens, this number goes up to 17 percent. In 2015 alone, about 4 million Americans had marijuana use disorder, with 138,000 seeking professional treatment for their addiction.

Marijuana Is Becoming More Potent

Additionally, as marijuana becomes more accessible, it has gotten stronger. As the NIDA reports, marijuana in the early 1990s contained about 3.7 percent tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the chemical in marijuana that causes users to feel high. By 2014, THC levels had risen to 6.1 percent. The NIDA also points out that new forms of marijuana use, such as smoking or eating THC-rich hash oil extracted from the marijuana plant, can result in users consuming extremely high levels of THC. “The average marijuana extract contains more than 50 percent THC, with some samples exceeding 80 percent.”

As psychologist Lynn E. O’Connor, Ph.D. writes at Psychology Today, many people dismiss marijuana as harmful because they view it as benign. O’Connor says this is a myth. “Marijuana addiction is absolutely pernicious; it’s subtle, deceptive and often hidden, even to the user, while its effects pervade every corner of the user’s life.” She adds that some marijuana users may be able to hold down a job and function in daily life, they could accomplish much more if they kicked their habit through long-term recovery.

Contact Summit Behavioral Health Today

Summit addresses Marijuana addiction within both inpatient and outpatient programs tailored to help people. We’d love to talk to you about how you can achieve a lasting recovery. Our drug treatment programs are personalized and medically supervised. Call our behavioral health professionals today to speak to a substance abuse expert about the treatment options we offer.

Summit Behavioral Health – Serenity At Summit

Detox Treatment

1000 Galloping Hill Road

Union, NJ 07083

Phone: (908) 481-4400

Summit Behavioral Health – Serenity At Summit

Detox & Residential Treatment

61 Brown St

Haverhill, MA 01830

Phone: (978) 641-3001

Rebecca O’Mara

Executive Director Brand Management




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Boca Raton Medication Error Lawyer Discusses Common Drug Mistakes

Boca Raton, FL, USA, 10/17/2017 /SubmitPressRelease123/

According to a study published in 2017 by the journal Clinical Toxicology, medication mistakes are on the rise. Estimates by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) reveal that about 1.3 million Americans are injured by drug errors every year.

Although accidents can happen with any kind of medication, certain drugs are particularly susceptible to errors. Here are three common medications that can be easily confused with other drugs.

Zantac vs. Zyrtec

Zantac is a drug used to treat heartburn, whereas Zyrtec is a medication used for people with allergies. Both drugs are sold over-the-counter, but both are also available in prescription strength. If taken improperly, both can also cause serious problems, including issues with the liver and kidneys.

Lamictal vs. Lamisil

Lamictal is an epilepsy drug. Lamisil is used to treat fungal infections. In 2013, a woman in Illinois developed painful and disfiguring blisters all over her body after her doctor prescribed a potentially deadly combination of Lamictal and Depakote. The rash was caused by Stevens-Johnson syndrome, a drug interaction that caused blisters to spread inside her lungs and left her fighting for her life. Although she recovered, she is legally blind and suffers constant lung infections. She saw several doctors before one finally identified the syndrome.

Celebrex vs. Celexa

While Celebrex is an arthritis medication, Celexa is used to treat depression. It’s easy to see how these two medications could get mixed up given the similarity in their names. However, it only takes one mistake in the chain of distribution from the drug manufacturer to the doctor and the pharmacist to bring about a deadly result.

Check Your Medications Carefully

The Institute for Safe Medication Practices has issued a list of hundreds of drugs that have similar-sounding names to other medications. To avoid getting your medication mixed up with another drug, follow these safety tips:

Double Check Your Prescriptions – Don’t assume your prescription has been checked and triple checked. Pharmacists and doctors are human, and they can make mistakes just like anyone else.

Know What You’re Taking – If the doctor prescribed it, it must be safe, right? Actually, not always. If a doctor is in a rush, he or she may not ask you detailed health questions, including a family history of bad drug reactions. Always ask the doctor to explain what you’re taking and why.

Talk to the Pharmacist – Don’t skip your chance to discuss your medication with the pharmacist. Your health is too important to leave to chance.

Boca Raton Medication Error Lawyer Discusses Drug Errors

Boca Raton medication error lawyer Joe Osborne explains, “Drug errors can happen in the doctor’s office, in hospitals, and inside pharmacies. Whether it’s an interaction between two or more different drugs, or a mistake in which a doctor prescribes the wrong drug or mixes up two patients, drug mistakes can kill.”

Contact a Boca Raton Medication Error Lawyer Today

If you or a loved one has suffered injuries caused by a negligent doctor, hospital, or pharmacist, don’t wait to speak to a lawyer. Contact Boca Raton personal injury lawyer Joe Osborne today at (561) 800-4011.


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Joe Osborne personal injury lawyer
(561) 800-4011


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What Are Fast Food Emissions And Why Are They Killing Us?

Riverdale, NJ, 10/17/2017 /SubmitPressRelease123/

Fast food restaurants have become a fact of life throughout the world. In fact, fast food restaurants in the world generate more than $570 billion a year, and the U.S. accounts for nearly half that amount with $200 billion in fast food revenues in 2015.

And with a projected annual growth rate of 2.5-percent, there is no end to the number of new fast food restaurants that will crop up around the world.

But the problem is that fast food emissions are becoming a real problem, as the harmful pollutants created by these facilities have many scientists concerned about their adverse environmental and health effects.

To understand this issue, it is important to first learn the definition of a food carbon footprint, then delve into some of the ways that fast food franchises are trying to deal with this issue.

What Is a Food Carbon Footprint?

So what is a food carbon footprint, and how does it relate to fast food restaurants?

A carbon footprint is the total amount of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions generated by a person, a facility or by an industrial process such as burning coal.

It is calculated by summing the emissions resulting from every stage of a product or service’s lifetime. Throughout a product’s lifetime or life cycle, different greenhouse gases may be emitted, such as methane and nitrous oxide, each with a greater or lesser ability to trap heat in the atmosphere. (2)

Therefore, a food carbon footprint is a number of GHG emissions generated by the production and transportation of food.

Why Fast Food Chains Generate Emissions

The reason why fast food chains generation emissions are that meat products have a significantly higher carbon footprint than vegetables or grains.

In fact, a study by the Environmental Investigation Agency (EIA) found that U.S.-based fast food chains in India such as Starbucks, McDonald’s, Subway and Dunkin Donuts are the largest contributors to hydrofluorocarbons (HFC) emissions and could add the equivalent of nearly one million tons of carbon emissions by 2020. (3)

More troubling is the fact that the eight largest fast food chains in India could generate as much as one million tons of carbon emissions by 2020.

Hamburgers are a popular menu item at fast food restaurants, but a recent study by the University of California, Riverside found that the process of grilling burgers releases twice as much particulate matter (PM) into the air per year as truck and factory emissions. (4)

Grilling Hamburgers in Fast Food Restaurants – Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs)

Scientists have long identified PM – which are solid and liquid contaminants that become airborne – as one of the most dangerous pollutants to human health.

In addition to the PM released by the process, grilling hamburgers also cause grease, smoke, heat, water vapor and combustion products that all contain harmful pollutants.

Exposure To Cooking Fumes Causes Health Problems

And research has found that short-term and long-term exposure to cooking fumes such as the fumes released by fast food restaurants can have adverse effects on human health.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) found that smoke from frying or grilling increases exposure to carbon monoxide and could affect the health of unborn babies. (5)

The smoke from grilling contains toxic chemicals known as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) that are harmful to the lungs. Constant and long-term exposure to PAHs has been linked to pulmonary disease, gastrointestinal, and cancer.

“In the past few years, research has found that the emissions generated by fast food restaurants are beginning to exceed vehicle emissions in some major cities,” stated Charlie Seyffer, Camfil USA Manager of Technical Material. “This is especially true for fast food restaurants that specialize in barbecued or charbroiled foods because the process of cooking in this manner generates significantly more harmful pollutants than regular frying. It is imperative, therefore, that fast food restaurants begin finding ways to lower the rate of emissions.”

Lowering Fast Food Restaurant Emissions

Some chains have already started that process of lowering fast food restaurant emissions.

For example, McDonald’s has created the McDonald Environmental Scorecard, which encourages suppliers to observe green strategies to lower their carbon footprint.

And Subway, which has more than 44,000 restaurants throughout the world, has introduced eco-friendly restaurants that ban smoking, and that monitor outside air to determine carbon monoxide levels.

Watch Video by Camfil – > Food & Beverage Suitable Industry Air Filters
How To Protect Your Health When Grilling

As you’ve seen, grilling is one of the biggest sources of fast food emissions, so learning how to protect your health when grilling at home is important.

One of the best ways to reduce toxic grilling smoke is to precook your meat before placing it on the grill. This reduces the amount of drippings that create the harmful smoke linked to adverse health.

Camfil, a major air filter supplier to this industry, has been providing air filtration solutions that help these facilities clean up these emissions, inside and out. In extreme cases, there is even equipment that is designed to spin vast amounts of grease particles out of the air and safely remove them as waste. Careful consideration of the offending contaminants’ makeup, selecting a system specific to the contaminant and volume of contaminant involved, and selection of a ‘removal’ system will go a long way in reducing the carbon footprint associated with an industry people have come to love.

For more than 50 years, Camfil has been providing the most technologically-advanced industrial air filtration systems. Camfil has built its reputation on providing quality on a budget. Camfil operates under the guiding principle that clean air is the right of all humans no matter where they live. The company is well equipped to offer clean-air solutions to any facility that seeks to improve its indoor air quality, and the overall health of its employees.

Lynne Laake

Camfil USA Air Filters

T: 888.599.6620,


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The Secret Mission Of The Serpent

Los Angeles, California, USA, 10/17/2017 /SubmitPressRelease123/

Gia Skova currently living in the United States is an actress and model, who became a cover girl for fashion magazines like Vogue and InStyle, made the runway shine for designers including Stella McCartney and Marc Jacobs, and was featured in print and commercial advertisements for famous and internationally recognized brands such as L’Oréal and Red Bull, and she was cast in television series, movies, and theatrical productions. All the talent, experience, and training she received has landed her in the best role to date, in an action spy movie called Serpent.


The story of Gia Skova begins when she was born in a small village called Saratov, not far from Kazakhstan, Russia. There she was discovered at the age of twelve, and she starred in Russian television series as an actress during the next few years. When she turned fifteen, Skova won a significant and important modeling contest called “The Beauty of the Volga”, which established her career as a professional model.


By the time she was sixteen Skova became a supermodel, and received praise in Moscow, and won the biggest awards like Ms. Saratov, Ms. FHM, Ms. Fashion Style, and Ms. Great Volga. After theses stunning achievements, it is not surprising that Gia was signed by the Italian modeling agency Modus, which enabled her to work on a lot of big projects in Italy, France, Spain, and all over Asia.


Recently the famous Russian model-actress Gia Skova made her directorial debut, and played a great role in the The Serpent, an action and spy thriller that will be released in 2018. Skova not only wrote the script, but also played a secret agent working for the CIA, under the codename Serpent.

Unfortunately agent Lucinda Kavsky, played by Gia Skova, soon finds out that her own agency is betraying her, prompting her to escape their spy network and find out the truth. Agent Kravsky’s journey takes her to China where she finds out that there is a plot, involving a major international conspiracy, and she must stop the culprits behind it before it’s too late.


“As the director and star of this film, it has been quite an adventure. There are so many things to handle, and from the day I started this, it was never easy. But I see this as the beginning of a great adventure, because I have many great stories to tell,” said Skova. While action movies with a female hero as the main protagonist are nothing new, those movies are scarcely directed by women. Even though it was a difficult job, Skova didn’t shy away from the challenge, and did a brilliant job of acting in the film as well as directing it.

Skova also starred in a Sci-Fi TV pilot, which was released in 2014, and has many movie roles pending, including two starring roles.


There is no doubt that Gia Skova earned her place in the world of entertainment. Despite some people in the industry dismissing her as nothing more than a pretty face, Skova has proven that she is so much more than that common stereotype. She is more passionate and determined than most filmmakers, and she has multiple magazine covers, photoshoots, and acting roles to her name.  


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What You Should Know About Inpatient And Outpatient Rehab

New Jersey, 10/16/2017 /SubmitPressRelease123/

People who struggle with alcohol addiction and drug dependency often require long-term treatment to manage their lives and prevent relapses. But the question is:

What is the difference between inpatient and outpatient rehab?

The answers are important, because of people suffering from addiction who commit to a drug treatment program, or an alcohol rehab program, need to understand what to expect during this process and the risks of not fully committing to changing their behavior.

Watch: Video on Holistic Drug / Alcohol Detox
Frequently Asked Questions About Inpatient and Outpatient Rehab
What Is Inpatient Rehab?

Inpatient rehab is considered more intensive than outpatient rehab because patients are required to live in the treatment facility. This means that patients are more closely monitored by staff members of the rehab facility, which can help caregivers detect early signs of a relapse.

Some things to know about an inpatient rehab facility, include:

Offers In-House Detoxification – Many inpatient rehab facilities feature a dedicated detox program that can last anywhere from several days to a week. During this process, addicts are weaned off drugs and alcohol, so that their bodies can eliminate the toxins that have built up over time. The presence of nurses, doctors, and counselors also helps addicts get through this difficult process, knowing they have a support system of qualified caregivers.
Provide Intensive Therapy – Inpatient rehab facilities offer hours of intensive therapy in both individual and group sessions. While outpatient rehab also offers therapy, the fact that patients live in the facility provides them with the opportunity to attend many more therapy sessions. Therapy is one of the biggest factors in managing an addiction, therefore patients who attend more sessions may gain more confidence in their ability to manage their addiction.
Offers In-House Extracurricular Activities – Patients in an inpatient facility can also take advantage of social activities that can help them cope with their addiction. Many of these facilities offer exercise programs such as yoga, group games, and social outings that can help break up the monotony of being inside a facility.
Provides Safe Environment – Outpatient facilities lose ‘control’ over their patients when they go home, or when they are at work. But residents in inpatient facilities have the around-the-clock support system that can help prevent early relapses. Knowing that doctors, nurses and counselors are nearby can help patients stay on track, and removing outside temptations – such as friends who still abuse alcohol or drugs – can go a long way in the recovery process.

One other to remember is that inpatient facilities are more expensive than outpatient facilities, precisely because they offer 24/7 services, private rooms, and extensive therapy sessions.

New Jersey Drug & Alcohol Residential Detox
Haverhill Drug & Alcohol Detox & Residential

What Is Outpatient Rehab?

Outpatient rehab facilities don’t require addicts to remain within the facility, so there is more freedom for patients to establish a schedule that fits into their daily lives.

Some things to know about outpatient rehab facilities include:

Provides Therapy – Outpatient rehab facilities offer your group and individual therapy sessions, which you can schedule based on your home and work schedule. Although you will not have 24/7 access to therapy, you still have access to counselors during an emergency.
Lets You Continue Your Normal Routine – Although there is nothing ‘normal’ about going through a drug treatment program or alcohol rehab, an outpatient facility lets you maintain your daily life without the massive disruption of leaving your home and work to live in an inpatient facility for several weeks or several months. This may be a real issue if you can’t afford to leave work for a long period of time. The key is having a supportive family structure, as well as friends who can help you during this time of treatment. (1)
Provides Real-Life Challenges – Residents in inpatient facilities are not able to test their ability to stay clean in a real-world environment. That’s not the case for addicts in outpatient facilities because they are forced to put the principles they are learning in therapy to use in day-to-day activities. This helps them understand what works and what doesn’t work and enables them to make adjustments easier than those undergoing inpatient treatment.

It’s also important to understand that outpatient treatment is more affordable than inpatient treatment, because you are not paying to live in a private room, nor are you paying for all the amenities that inpatient facilities offer.

What’s Best For You?
Choosing between inpatient and outpatient treatment is dependent on many factors.

If your addiction has spiraled out of control and has ruined your family and work life, then inpatient treatment may be the best choice to eliminate distractions and temptations and provide you with the intensive therapy you need.

On the other hand, if you want treatment for alcohol or drug dependency, but are experiencing financial difficulties, outpatient treatment may be a better choice. By understanding the pros and cons of each type of treatment, you are better equipped to make a decision that fits your unique circumstances.

If you want to learn more about your addiction treatment options, please call one of the expert counselors at Serenity at Summit by Summit Behavioral Health.

Serenity At Summit Detox New Jersey – (908) 481-4400

Serenity At Summit Detox Haverhill MA –  (978) 641-3001


Rebecca O’Mara

Executive Director Brand Management




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When Slip And Fall Accidents Happen In A Store Or Business

Philadelphia, 10/16/2017 /SubmitPressRelease123/

Philadelphia slip and fall attorney discusses premise liability and negligence when a slip and fall happens in a store or business. When a person has a slip and fall accident inside or outside a business or store, there may be a premise liability claim. The owner or the renter of the premise may be partially or completely at fault for the accident. However, the individual who was injured will have to prove that there was negligence involved and the he or she acted reasonably.

Who is Responsible for a Slip and Fall Accident – the Premise Owner or Renter?

It’s very common that the owner of a business is not the owner of the building where the business operates. Business owners often rent space for their company, so when a slip and fall accident occurs, it’s not always evident who is liable; sometimes it’s the business owner, sometimes it’s the building owner, and sometimes it’s both who are responsible.  

If a person has a slip and fall accident because there is a defective floor, leaking pipe, or another structural issue, then the owner of the property is typically liable. But if a person has a slip and fall accident due to the actions (or inactions) of the business owner, or an employee of the business owner, then the business owner is usually liable.

When a slip and fall accident happens due to a structural issue and both the business owner and the property owner were both aware of the problem, but did nothing to fix it, then they can both be held liable for the accident.

What Must be Proven in a Slip and Fall Accident Case?

In order to prove a personal injury claim for a slip and fall accident, you have to show two things. First, you have to prove that the building owner and/or the business owner was negligent. A person can be negligent due to actions or inactions. Secondly, you have to prove that the negligence was what caused the slip and fall accident.

That means that not all slip and fall accidents involve negligence. The owners (property and business) cannot always foresee, warn, or prevent all hazards. Neither can you always anticipate or notice all hazards. However, the owners do have to reasonably anticipate hazards and take action to prevent injuries. If they don’t, then they can be found liable.

Contact a Philadelphia Slip and Fall Attorney for Help

If you or a loved one has been injured in a slip and fall accident at a store or business, it’s important that you contact a slip and fall attorney to help you determine if you have a case.

Follow Attorney on Facebook for more information.

Prior results cannot and do not guarantee or predict a similar outcome with respect to any future case. Recoveries always depend upon the facts and circumstances of each case, the injuries suffered, damages incurred, and the responsibility of those involved.

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NY Scientists First To Link Neurodegenerative Diseases And Bacterial Viruses

New York, 10/16/2017 /SubmitPressRelease123/

Alzheimer’s and many other neurodegenerative diseases can be caused by bacteriophages – viruses that infect and replicate within gut microbiota of humans and other mammals, New York based Human Microbiology Institute (HMI) announced today. The groundbreaking research findings were reported during an Oral Presentation at the American Society for Microbiology’s gathering at the University of Connecticut. The research project was done in collaboration with NYU scientists and results were recently published in highly reputable Nature’s Scientific Reports.

The in-depth study builds upon previously reported data and further confirms that bacteriophages can produce conditions for developing Alzheimer’s, diabetes and even heart disease, among others. During the presentation, HMI’s lead scientist Dr. George Tetz described bacteriophages as bacterial viruses that live both outside the human body and in the gut environment of mammals. Their presence in the intestines can cause a condition known as the “Leaky Gut Syndrome”, which in turn would trigger an altered immune response and lead to a neuro-inflamation. The increased gut permeability caused by bacteriophages is associated with lower Lactobacillus spp. and Faecalibacterium spp. Levels, which are useful bacteria for mammals, as well as a decrease in levels of other vital bacteria, HMI’s study reveals.

“We are the first research group to demonstrate that bacteriophages can actually cause diseases in humans through the so-called autoimmune component. Previously they were thought to be harmless and solely affecting bacteria; they were not known to contribute to the development of neurogenerative pathologies, which we call a New Group of Human Viral Diseases. We now hope to find new ways to prevent and possibly cure many of these diseases,” said Dr. George Tetz.

NYU Medical Center, which partnered up with Tetz and HMI, is also implicating long-term plausible effects. “HMI scientists have shown for the first time that the impact of bacteriophages may result in increased gut permeability, which is associated with diabetes, Alzheimer’s, autism, heart conditions, rheumatoid arthritis and others. This could pave the road to further breakthrough research and new discoveries related to the origin of many diseases,” said Adriana Heguy, Ph.D., Professor of Pathology, NYU Langone Medical Center, and Director, Genome Technology Center.

Prior to the current study, Drs. Victor and George Tetz presented their extraordinary findings in an oral session at the world’s largest microbiologist conference, ASM’s Microbe 2017 in New Orleans. The discussion on the dangers of bacteriophages was also featured in a Gut Pathogens article.

About HMI: The Victor and George Tetz Human Microbiology Institute ( is an independent, non-profit research organization that has formed collaborations with a variety of universities, research organizations, hospitals, biotech companies, and other life science organizations to perform breakthrough research to identify novel drug targets and develop innovative technologies, with the ultimate goal of translating these discoveries into human health care.

For more information about George and Victor Tetz and HMI, please contact Irene Johnson at (917) 477-7881 Email:

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Particulate Matter: What You Don’t Know Could Kill You

Riverdale, NJ, 10/16/2017 /SubmitPressRelease123/

Author Information Lynne Laake
Camil Air Filters

It’s become almost a cliché in the air filtration industry to mention the words “particulate matter,” because they are so often used to explain one of the major causes of low indoor air quality.

But the truth is, particulate matter lies at the heart of what makes the air inside many commercial facilities so hazardous to human health, so there is no way to overstate the importance of understanding all the ins and outs of particulate matter.

“We have found that there is so little knowledge about particulate matter among the populations that are most affected by substandard indoor air quality,” stated Charlie Seyffer, Technical Services Manager at Camfil, USA. “There is really no way to begin the discussion of air quality without talking in depth about particulate matter and how it can adversely affect human health. As a result, even a basic understanding of this issue will move the discussion about clean air solutions in a very positive direction.”

On a fundamental level, most people understand what air pollution means, but the details are understandably fuzzy about what exactly causes harmful air.

What the EPA Says about Particulate Matter

For years, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has done its best to educate the public about the dangers of particulate matter.

On the agency’s website, under the title Particulate Matter (PM) Basics, PM is the acronym for particulate matter, which is described as:

“A mixture of solid particles and liquid droplets found in the air. Some particles, such as dust, dirt, soot or smoke, are larger or dark enough to be seen with the naked eye. Others are so small they can only be detected using an electron microscope.”

PM is typically broken down into three ranges: PM10, PM2.5, and the smallest range PM1.

PM1 refers to the smallest of all inhalable particles that have a diameter of 1.0 micrometers or smaller, the most dangerous where 98% of all airborne particles reside.

PM2.5 refers to fine inhalable particles that have a diameter of 2.5 micrometers or smaller, the higher end of respirable particles that can get into the lungs and do damage.

PM10 refers to inhalable particles that have a diameter of 10 micrometers or smaller, typically defined as coarse particles.

But to put these sizes into perspective, 1 micrometer is 100 times smaller than a strand of human hair.

Particulate matter can be generated from the agglomeration of gases and liquids emitted from power plants, factories and vehicles exhaust.

Chemicals such as nitrogen oxide and sulfur dioxide result from a complex series of reactions, and can form into particulate matter.

WHO Study Catalogs the Dangers of PM Exposure

A comprehensive World Health Organization (WHO) study on the health effects of particulate matter in certain European countries, found that short-term and long-term exposure to PM2.5 can cause “respiratory and cardiovascular morbidity, such as aggravation of asthma, respiratory symptoms and an increase in hospital admissions.”

People with lung or heart disease, the elderly and children are at the highest risk of being affected by elevated levels of PM2.5 and PM1, because their immune systems are compromised or not fully developed.

But the most alarming aspect of the study was the discovery that diesel engine exhaust has now been classified as a carcinogenic by the International Agency for Research on Cancer.

A piece published on the American Cancer Society’s webpage, further explained this classification:

“Exhaust from diesel engines brings a complex mixture of soot and gases to roadways, cities, farms, and other places. Health concerns about diesel exhaust relate not only to cancer, but also to other health problems such as lung and heart diseases.”

And while it may seem as if particulate matter exposure is only a problem for people who spend time outdoors, that is not the truth.

In fact, because so many commercial facilities use outdoor air in their ventilation systems, PM concentrations are often many times higher indoors than outdoors.

The reason is that once PM-contaminated air enters an enclosed space that lacks an effective air filtration system, it can remain airborne for days and weeks, posing a health risk to employees and visitors who frequent the facility.

Throughout the world, about three percent of cardiopulmonary fatalities and five percent of lung cancer fatalities are directly linked to particulate matter. In Europe, between one and three percent of cardiopulmonary fatalities and between two and five percent of lung cancer fatalities are tied to particulate matter.

In 2010 alone, it is estimated that more than three million people passed away due to exposure to PM2.5.

Clean Air Solutions

At Camfil Air Filters, we are dedicated to providing you with actionable resources to help improve the quality of air at your commercial facility.

Particulate matter is a big issue at a number of commercial industries, and without an air filtration strategy, the quality of indoor air will continue to deteriorate.

For more than 50 years we have offered clean air solutions that are energy-efficient air filtration, and we look forward to helping you with all your air quality needs.

Lynne Laake

Camfil USA Air Filters

T: 888.599.6620,

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InfuTronix to Launch Nimbus™ II EMS At The 2017 EMS World Expo

Natick, MA, 10/13/2017 /SubmitPressRelease123/

Infutronix, a global medical device manufacturer based in Massachusetts, is proud to announce the launch of a new electronic ambulatory infusion pump for the EMS market, the Nimbus™ II EMS pump, to be debuted at the 2017 EMS World Expo in Las Vegas, October 16-20.

Built on the proven Nimbus™ ambulatory infusion pump platform, the Nimbus II EMS is a small, lightweight, smart, and durable infusion pump, making it a perfect candidate for emergency transport use. This pump is highly customizable with editable presets, protocol and global safeguards, and names. Included are industry standard operating modes such as weight based programming and continuous volume over time. Choose from several accessories made specifically for the EMS market including disposable skins for easy de-contamination, durable pole mounts, and carry pouches. The Nimbus II EMS is priced to be extremely affordable and leased for optimal performance.

Come visit us at EMS World Expo 2017 at booth 1754!

Visit our webite to learn more at

About InfuTronix, LLC

Infutronix is a leading infusion pump company aiming to increase patient safety and streamline clinical workflow. It provides a portfolio of ambulatory infusion pump products designed to increase customer satisfaction and enhance patient safety in a cost effective solution. InfuTronix’s market focus is acute care pain management where there is a need for easy-to-use high-end electronic infusion pumps that have a high level of accuracy and flexibility for the unique needs of the ambulatory pump user.  The mission of InfuTronix is to design forward-thinking devices that are capable of setting standards in the evolving pain management programs while understanding the current market needs. Infutronix is headquartered in Natick, Massachusetts.  For more information, please visit

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